In the beginning was the Word and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things were made through Him, and without Him was not anything made that was made. In Him was life, and the life was the light of men. The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not overcome it (John 1:1–5).
The opening words of John’s Gospel deserve to be written in letters of gold. This surely is the most wonderful passage in the whole Bible. We are confronted with the deep mystery of the deity of our Lord Jesus Christ and are left lost in wonder, love and awe. Such is the profoundness of our text, that nothing but the light of eternity will reveal its fullness. Of all the disciples, John alone was chosen by the Spirit of God to write these awesome words. He is the disciple whom Jesus loved, the son of Zebedee, the brother of James, formerly employed as a fisherman on the Sea of Galilee. The Holy Spirit didn’t choose a doctor of divinity, a student of the law, or professor of theology. He chose a fisherman to pen the greatest words that have ever been written. He was chosen and called by our Lord Jesus for a new vocation to be a fisher of men, a soul winner for the Kingdom of heaven, an Apostle of the Church of God, a writer of Holy Scripture. He was an eye-witness of the ministry of the Lord Jesus. He had seen the Lord Christ heal the sick, give sight to the blind, and even raise the dead. He saw the glory of His transfiguration. He saw His face shine with brightness of a thousand suns. He had seen that the Lord Jesus is the radiance of the glory of God, the exact imprint of His nature; He had seen the face of the One who upholds the universe by the word of His power. He saw the bloody sweat, tears and agony of our Saviour in the Garden. He watched as the nails were driven into His hands and feet. He saw the King of the universe crucified, dead, and buried. He saw the risen Lord Jesus. He saw the face of the One who had conquered sin, death and hell forever. So John, though a fisherman, was uniquely qualified to write these deep truths concerning the deity of our Lord. He had seen His glory, glory as of the only Son from the Father, full of grace and truth (v. 14). John was an eyewitness to these things. We are not therefore dealing with a paperback novel. This Gospel is not a work of fiction. It is not a myth. The Gospel according to John is true truth. John is not a sentimental liberal preacher. He is deeply concerned to maintain the truth of Christianity as an historical religion. These are the words of a man who had seen with his own eyes the glory of the living God; the words of a man who was taken up by the Spirit to pen God’s holy and infallible truth. Ultimately the reason why you must believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of the living God, is because it is true. Now I would like us to consider the first five verses of this Gospel to see what lessons John would have us learn about the Lord Jesus Christ.
1] The Lord Christ is eternally divine (vv. 1–2). ‘In the beginning was the Word’. John is taking us way back to Genesis chapter one: ‘In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth’. The Lord Christ was there in the beginning. He was not created. He was not made. Before space was created, before time began, the Lord Jesus Christ was the Word. He was eternally begotten of the Father before all worlds were made. John is saying that the Lord Jesus is eternal. This eternity is an attribute that belongs to God alone. He is not a frail creature of time; He is the mighty Word from time eternal. He is called the Word, because He reveals the Father’s will to us. He is the Speaker, the Spokesman of the Godhead, the One who makes the Father known (v. 18). Calvin calls Him ‘the Speech’ (Sermo) for He is the One who reveals, by His word and Spirit, the will of God for our salvation (WSC: 24). So our very salvation depends upon this truth. ‘You will never go to heaven unless you are prepared to worship Jesus Christ as God’ (Spurgeon).
His eternity means that His existence did not begin with His birth from the Virgin in Bethlehem: He was from the beginning and in the beginning He was with God. He is the One who prayed, ‘Father, glorify me in your presence with the glory I had with you before the world was made’ (John17:5). He makes these incredible claims: ‘I am in the Father and the Father is in Me’, ‘I and the Father are one’, ‘He that has seen Me has seen the Father’. He is the One who said, ‘Before Abraham was, I AM’ (John 8:58). So not only is the Lord Christ eternal, He is also divine. He is eternally divine. He can make such great claims because He is God in His own right (autotheos). His divinity was not obtained at some point in time. It is not communicated to Him by another. It is not derived from some other external source nor is it dependent upon someone else. He is God in Himself and from Himself alone (a se ipso). That is why He can make such incredible claims.
There can be no doubt therefore that the Lord Jesus Christ is the Almighty God. John cannot make it any clearer, ‘the Word was God’. He is not a created being like an angel or a man. He is neither a superhuman nor an archangel. He is in no way inferior to the Father with respect to His deity. He is coequal and coeternal with the Father. Notice that John is meticulously careful with His grammar here. We are told that the Word was God, but in verse fourteen he tells us that the Word ‘became flesh and dwelt among us’. Do you see the contrast? He was not always man. He was not always flesh. But He was always God. He was in the beginning and in the beginning He was God. Yet we also see that the Lord Jesus is a Person distinct from God the Father, though one and equal with Him. He was ‘with God’ in the beginning. He was in the union and fellowship of the Godhead. The word used for ‘with’ literally means ‘towards’. He is face to face with the Father and the Spirit. There is this interpersonal communion, this eternal love relationship, between the three Persons of the Godhead. They are with each other, towards each other, facing each other in the eternal bonds of divine fellowship.
Let us be clear on this point. There is but one true and living God and there are Three Persons in the Godhead; God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit; and these three are one God, the same in substance, equal in power and in glory. What a fathomless mystery! There are three Persons in the one and simple essence of God. One of the early Church Fathers said ‘I cannot think of the One God without also having the Three Persons shining around me’ (Gregory of Nazianzen). Now you must understand that there are not three separate gods, but One God in three eternally divine Persons. That is the historical doctrine of the Trinity. John’s point here in our text is that the Lord Jesus, ‘the Word’, is a distinct Person from the Father. He is not the Father, but He is ‘with’ or ‘towards’ the Father. They are joined together in the bonds of eternal love, delight and fellowship. The Father has loved His Son eternally and the Son has delighted in His Father from the depths of eternity past. They have shared and enjoyed each other’s glory from everlasting to everlasting. J. C. Ryle most perceptively says: ‘Where God the Father was from all eternity, there also was the Word, even God the Son, — their glory equal, their majesty co-eternal, and yet their Godhead one. This is a great mystery! Happy is he who can receive it as a little child, without attempting to explain it’. Here we have an uneducated, ordinary Fisherman, raised up by the Spirit of God to plumb the depths of Majesty Divine! John is giving us a glimpse of the mystery of the Holy Trinity. He is specifically telling us that the Lord Jesus Christ is God. He is not like other religious leaders. He is not merely a mortal, He is not merely a great prophet and teacher, He is not even a demigod; on the contrary, He is fully God and as God He alone has the power to rescue fallen men and women in their plight of rebellion and sin. ‘Who less than God could have carried away your sins and my sins and cast them all away? Who less than God could have interposed to deliver us from the jaws of hell’s lions, and bring us up from the pit, having found a ransom?’ (Spurgeon). The Lord Jesus has been face to face with the Father and Spirit from eternity. ‘He was in the beginning with God’. What better Person to communicate the love and mercy of the Father to us than His own beloved Son! Don’t you see? God is best known in Christ. We see the sun by its radiance, by its beams of light. Jesus Christ is the radiance of the Father’s glory and the exact representation of His being (Hebrews 1:3). In the face of Jesus Christ shines the glory of God. He is ‘the image of the invisible God’ (Col. 1:15). So the only way to know and love the Father is to know and love His Son. The Lord Christ says, ‘I am the way, the truth, and the life, no man comes to the Father but by Me’ (John 14:6). There is no other way to God. To embrace the Father, you must first embrace His Son.
Why is all of this so important? Why have Christians throughout Church history fought tooth and nail for this doctrine? It is precisely because Jesus Christ is God that we have the right and the obligation to worship and adore Him. If Jesus Christ is not God, then all our worship, all our praises, all our songs are blasphemy and idolatry. The worship of the Church comes to nought if Christ is not God. If He is only a man, then we dare not worship Him. Yet it is precisely because He is God, that He is worthy of all our love and affection. Why are we gathered here today if not to worship Jesus Christ? We have come to worship Jesus in Spirit and in Truth because He is the living and true God. We praise Him and we pray to Him because He is God. Who can venture to capture the beauty and glory of Jesus! He is infinite, eternal, unchangeable, the same yesterday, today and forever. He is infinitely wise, almighty, pure and holy, just, good and true. He is our beloved, our heart’s delight, our eternal friend. He is white and ruddy, fair to see. His eyes blaze like fire and His feet are like burnished bronze. He is the fairest among ten thousand. Yes, He is altogether lovely and desirable and He alone is worthy of the best of our love. Oh that our hearts would beat with more love to Jesus! ‘The name of God attributed to Christ will affect us little, if our faith does not feel it to be such by experience’ (Calvin).
O that my soul could love and praise Him more,
His beauties trace, His majesty adore;
Live near His heart, upon His bosom lean;
Obey His voice, and all His will esteem.
William Gadsby (1773 – 1844).
Do you love Him? Do you know Him as your own? Can you say, ‘He is my Lord and my God’? Is your heart’s desire to fall upon your knees and worship Him? Come and trace His beauties, come and see His majesty, glory and divinity. Come, trust, and love this divine Saviour, this eternal Word, this mighty God. Don’t pass Him by. Let us pray that He would raise our affections to love and praise Him more.
2] The Lord Christ is the Creator of all things (v. 3). John says that ‘all things were made through Him, and without Him was not anything made that was made’. Not only is the Lord Jesus the eternal Word, He is also the Creator God. He was there in the beginning when all things were first made. And not only was He present, but all things were made through Him. The Father has made all things by the Son. The Lord Jesus says in Proverbs:
When He established the heavens, I was there;
When He set a circle upon the face of the deep.
When He made firm the skies above,
When the fountains of the deep became strong,
When He gave to the deep its bound,
That the waters should not transgress His commandment,
When He marked out the foundations of the earth;
Then I was by Him, as a master workman;
And I was daily His delight,
Rejoicing always before Him (Proverbs 8:27-30).
The Father and the Son cooperate in the work of creation. You remember in the book of Genesis when they counsel together and say, ‘Let us make man in our image, after our likeness.’ (Gen 1:26a). From this it follows that the Lord Christ is not a creature, but the Creator of heaven and earth, of all things visible and invisible. The Lord Christ must be the Creator because ‘without Him was not anything made that was made’. His claim to Creatorship is comprehensive. Each little flower that opens, each little bird that sings, the purple headed mountain, the river running by, the cold wind in the winter, the pleasant summer sun, the tall trees in the greenwood – the Lord Christ made them all. All the facts of creation not only testify to His existence and Creatorship, they also sing to His praise and glory. ‘The universe proclaims the greatness of Christ’ (Bruce Milne). ‘The heavens declare His glory and the skies proclaim the work of His hands’ (Psalm 19:1). He spoke light into being and set the galaxies in motion. He cast the stars into deepest space and put the planets in their orbit. He hung the earth upon nothing and formed the vast oceans. The sky, the sea, and land belong to Him. He filled them with plants and animals of every kind. He created man out of the dust of the earth and breathed into His nostrils life. He formed the smallest cells of reality, the building blocks of all things, DNA and the double Helix, the Higgs boson, atoms, quarks, and neutrinos. All things were made through Him. He is the Lord of all Creation and all the facts of reality testify to His genius and glory. The heavens and the earth declare the greatness of Jesus Christ:
Jesus is Lord! Creation's voice proclaims it,
For by His power each tree and flower was planned and made.
Jesus is Lord! The universe declares it,
Sun, moon and stars in heaven cry, Jesus is Lord!
William Williams Pantycelyn, the greatest of the 18th Century Welsh hymn writers, composed and epic poem called ‘Golwg ar Deyrnas Crist’ (A View of Christ’s Kingdom). The hero of this great epic is the Lord Jesus Christ. He is the King who must reign over all. The Lord Christ is all in God’s eternal purpose. He is all in the work of Creation. He is all in the promise of the Gospel. He is all in the works of divine providence. He is all in the salvation of sinners. The Lord Christ is all in all. So we have in this epic poem a grand survey of the person and work of the Lord Jesus Christ. Our gaze is fixed constantly upon Him. Even from the marvels of astronomy to the wonders of biology, from telescopes to microscopes, Jesus Christ is Lord. He is the sovereign King of the created sphere.
O grant my God, I pray, my trembling feet to stand,
Upon the highest mountain and let there be to hand,
A Telescope to show my Jesus at His task
Of laying the World’s foundations! This only, Lord I ask.
William Williams (1717-91)
This is not just a poet being whimsical. Williams Pantycelyn sees that the Lord Christ is the One by whom all things have been created. He is the Maker and Sustainer of heaven and earth. The beauty and the glory of creation reflect the beauty and the glory of the Creator – even Christ our Lord. His sovereignty and omnipotence are to be seen in all the facts and laws of this universe. They are His facts and His laws. There is therefore no division between ‘secular’ and ‘sacred’ in the created order. On the contrary, ‘The earth is the Lord’s and the fullness thereof, the world and those who dwell therein’ (Psalm 24:1). It is all sacred and precious because it all belongs to the Lord Jesus Christ. The psalmist and scientist alike are to trace the genius of the Creator Christ in all the facts of reality. We are all, each one of us, wherever we find ourselves, in whatever avenue of life, to give praise and honour to Christ our Creator.
The poet and the artist, the biologist and the physicist will not understand anything truly if they fail to see that Christ is all in all. The whole trouble with man is that He refuses to acknowledge His creatureliness and bow before His Creator and Sustainer. He has the coloured glasses of sin cemented to his eyes and so He sees everything in the wrong light. He foolishly imagines that the created sphere, its order, its laws, and its beauty, are the result of nothing more than the random motions of matter, time and chance. What tragedy! Man was originally created and good and upright, with the ability to trace the glories of God in Creation. In the Garden, He was even able to walk with the Lord God in the cool of evening. But by His fall into sin, man was cursed with ‘a blindness of mind, a horrible darkness, a vanity, and perverseness of judgment. He became wicked, rebellious, and obstinate in heart and will, and impure in all His affections’ (Canons of Dort, 3&4, Article 1). And now He refuses to see the glory of His Creator in nature. His foolish heart has been darkened and He says in His heart ‘There is no God’. He chooses to live only for Himself and not for the glory of Christ. He thinks of himself as the creator of His own reality. He sees Himself as a self-sufficient autonomous being, with the power to create his own destiny apart from the Lord Christ. He says ‘I’ll do it my way’ and he dies with those words played from MP3 at his funeral. He is utterly lost and blinded by sin.
It is only when the Spirit of Christ comes upon Him, and chisels away the sin cemented glasses, that he at last begins to see that something lives in every hue that Christless eyes have never seen. Only the Spirit of Christ can enable a man to truly feel and know that the Lord Christ is his Creator. The Spirit, in the work of new creation, raises him even beyond this to see that the One who cast stars into deepest space, was the One who came to live and die to buy our pardon with His own life’s blood. When the Spirit of Christ breaks into our hearts, in regenerating and life-giving power, He opens the wound of sin and shows us how dreadful a thing sin is and reveals to us the state of darkness and death wherein we lie. Then He shows us the love and mercy and grace of the Redeemer Christ. He shows us that the One who created all things, is also the One who came to rescue men and women from their plight and desperation in sin and bring them back to God.
O love without its equal, what condescending grace,
That He who stars created, yet should earth’s dust embrace;
To die for Adam’s children, who still defied the rod,
And lived in bold rebellion against Almighty God.
William Williams (1717-91)
You may have lived a life with loose notions of religion and spirituality, but now you are confronted with this tremendous eternal reality. The Lord Jesus Christ is your Creator, and it is to Him you owe your allegiance. He alone has the power to save you. He alone has died for Adam’s children. He alone has taken the enormous load of human guilt and bled to buy our pardon. Why, why will you die? There is mercy and grace and forgiveness for you in the hands of the Creator Christ. Will you not come to Him and trust in Him? Will you not bow the knee before Him and serve Him with gladness? There is such a clarity of argument in this passage attesting to the divinity of the Lord Jesus that we cannot resist seeing this mighty fact: Jesus Christ is from eternity. He is the eternal Word of God. He is very God of very God and enjoys personal communion with the Father. He is the Creator of all things. He is your Creator and Lord. These are truly words from another world. John has been taken up by the Spirit, as it were, to the third heaven and given wisdom from on high. He has been given a sight of unseen reality. He has been taken to the highest mountain and granted that telescope to see the majesty of the Creator Jesus. Oh my friend, will you not tremble before this passage? Will you not fall upon your knees and confess the Lord Christ to be your Creator God and Lord?
3] The Lord Christ is the light and life of men (vv. 4–5). John tells us that ‘In Him was life, and the life was the light of men’. We have seen how the Lord Jesus is the Creator of all physical and biological life in the created sphere, now John teaches us that Lord Christ is the source of all spiritual life and light. The Lord Jesus is the fount of everlasting life. He is the sole source of all true light concerning the things of God. This is what the Gospel of John is all about. In Him is life. He is the life-giving Saviour, sent into this world to redeem men and women, boys and girls, from the curse of sin and death. This is why the Father sends the Lord Jesus into the world. The whole reason why John wrote this Gospel was to tell us this: ‘God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in Him should not perish but have everlasting life’ (John 3:16). ‘These things are written, that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that by believing you might have life in His name’ (John 20:31). Salvation is in the Lord Jesus. It is not in us. He alone is the source of all life, blessedness and salvation. Man by his own will and efforts could never bring about his own redemption. Man by nature is lost in the darkness of sin and bound in the grip of death. ‘The sting of death is sin and the power of sin is the law’ (1 Corinthians 15: 56). In verse fourteen of our chapter we are confronted with the most awesome words in Scripture: ‘And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us’. The infinite Son of God, the eternal Word, the Creator of the cosmos, took a body, took human nature upon Himself, He became flesh, and dwelt among us. So that now He is fully God and fully man in one glorious person. ‘He is not humanity deified. He is not Godhead humanized. He is God. He is man. He is all that God is, and He is all that man is as God created him’ (Spurgeon). Who can fathom the mystery of the enfleshment of God! But we must ask ‘Why?’ Why did Jesus come into this world? Why did He become a frail creature of dust? Why did He walk this earth? Why did He dwell among us? And why, why did He die? He came for us men and for our salvation. That is love incomprehensible! What joy! What glory! The Lord Jesus took a human body, a human soul, a human psychology, a human mind, human affections and emotions and came to live among us to buy our pardon. He came to keep the law in full, to be perfectly holy and blameless in every way, to be a spotless lamb and to die our death, to bear our sin in His own body on that tree, to bleed and suffer in our stead, to be pieced for our iniquities, to be crushed for our transgressions and smitten with the wrath of a sin hating God, so that we, miserable sinners, might have life – everlasting life. He came to take the sting from death and the power from sin. He came to bring us life; to bring us grace and truth (v. 17). He came to rescue us from our desperation in sin.
Living, He loved me; dying, He saved me;
Buried, He carried my sins far away;
Rising, He justified freely forever:
One day He’s coming! O glorious day!
That is Gospel light. That is the message of salvation through Jesus Christ. This is the light that the Lord Jesus brings to the world. Indeed, He Himself is the Light of the world, and whoever follows Him will not walk in darkness but have the light of life (John 8:12).
Yet here is the tragedy: ‘The light shines in the darkness, yet the darkness did not comprehend it’. Most modern translations read ‘the darkness has not overcome it’. That is probably a mistranslation. It should read the darkness has not comprehended it. You see, the darkness corresponds to the world which doesn’t acknowledge Him (v. 10) and His own people who don’t welcome Him (v. 11). The world rejects Him. His own people reject Him. They walk in the darkness. John is speaking of those who refuse to believe in the Lord Jesus. They are the people of darkness who do not comprehend the light of the Gospel. They don’t appropriate the life and light of Christ. They don’t lay hold of and embrace the Lord Jesus. Now of course, it is true that the darkness will never overcome nor triumph over the light because He is the Creator of both day and night; light and darkness belong to Him. He is sovereign over all things and even the darkness unwittingly fulfils His perfect purposes. But the meaning in our text is that the darkness is the ‘antagonist’ of the Lord Jesus who is the Light of the World (cf. William Hendriksen). This darkness does not and will not accept the light. It simply doesn’t ‘get it’. It doesn’t understand the light. Men may see and hear the things of the Gospel, but apart from the supernatural work of the Spirit in their hearts, they will never truly understand and receive the truth. There is a deep darkness in heart of man, a darkness that consumes him, veils his sight, and blinds him to the things of God. The light shines in the darkness, but the darkness has not understood it.
Basically, John is saying that there two sorts of people in this universe: There are those who walk in darkness and there are those who have been brought into the light of the Lord Christ’s grace and mercy. Where are you? Where do you stand in relation to the Light of the world? The Lord Jesus says ‘whosoever follows Me, will not walk in darkness’. Will you follow Him? Why walk in the darkness? Why hide your face from the One who freely offers eternal life to all who call upon Him? Don’t you know that Hell is place of eternal darkness? There is no light, not even a single photon. There is only darkness and misery forever. But here, right now, in this place, there is light shining amidst the darkness. There is the light of Jesus Christ. There is mercy and forgiveness, there is grace and redemption, there is full salvation in Jesus Christ for all who come to Him believing. He asks that you believe in Him. He asks that you trust Him and receive Him by faith. And those who do believe in Him will never perish but enjoy life and light, joy unspeakable full of glory, blessedness and happiness forever in glory with Jesus. The Light of the World has been the comfort of all those who have come to Him in faith. He has never let a single soul down. He never turns away those who come to Him in true belief and true repentance. ‘Him that cometh to Me, I will in no wise cast out’.
Men are women in this world are corrupted to the core with the darkness and stain of sin, and yet the light still shines on. That is the incredible thing. The light is like one of those frustrating candles you can buy for birthday cakes; the ones you cannot blow out. The light of the Lord Christ is an inextinguishable blaze. ‘The light shines in the darkness’. It keeps on shining despite the darkness. So now you see why some translators say, ‘The darkness has not overcome it’. Indeed, it cannot. Think about this for a moment. If we were to black out all the windows in this Church, turn off all the lights, and switch off all the electrics, it would be pitch black. But suppose I were to light a single candle, you would all see it glowing despite the vast expanse of darkness in the building. The light would go on shining. The efficacy of the first word in the work of creation is still active and powerful today: ‘Let there be light, and there was light’. And the same God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, has shined in our hearts [into the hearts of every true believer], to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ’ (2 Corinthians 4:6). The work of salvation in the heart of a single sinner is as powerful and as majestic as the entire work of creation. If you are saved, then stand amazed at the miracle of grace wrought in your heart, give glory to God who has saved you, and shine like stars of holiness is this crooked and perverse generation.
But there are those of you who are not saved and you know that you are walking in darkness and sin. You are aware of these things. It may be that you’ve agonised over your sins, you’ve wept bitterly into the late hours of the night, and tried to make yourself a better person. But you know in your heart that you are lost and without hope. You don't know where to turn. My friend, you need light! You need the divine and supernatural light of the Spirit of Christ. You need a new birth. You need to be born of the Spirit and washed in the grace of Christ. You need divine light to break into the darkness of your soul and heal the wound of sin. You need that new and supernatural principle to be created in your heart by the Spirit of Christ. You need that that newness of life found only in the Lord Jesus. You need the regenerating, sanctifying light of the Lord Christ. My friend, His promise is sure, ‘I am the light of the world. Whoever follows me will not walk in darkness, but will have the light of life’ (John 8:12). Do you believe it? Oh cling to the Light of the World with arms of faith! Reach out a grasp hold of the hem of His garment. That first step of faith may be as small as a mustard seed, yet if that faith has found root in the Light of the World, then though mountains tremble, though the earth crumble into the heart of the ocean, though Satan and all his armies rage against you, yet will the Lord Jesus keep you safe by same power with which He created the universe. Mustard seed faith is true and saving faith when it has found its resting place in Jesus.
I can point you to the light of the Gospel, but only Jesus Christ can impart that divine and supernatural light into your soul by His Spirit, and give you a true and inward sense of the excellency and sweetness of the divine things revealed in the Word of God. So cry out to Jesus to open your eyes and let you see. Won’t you say, ‘Lord Jesus I believe, help thou mine unbelief’? Won’t you say, ‘Lord Jesus, I want to see’? Cast yourself wholly upon Him, for He is mighty to save and will keep you safe forever. He who spoke light into being is surely able to speak light and life into your heart. May God give you the grace to sing:
Long my imprisoned spirit lay,
Fast bound in sin and nature’s night;
Thine eye diffused a quickening ray—
I woke, the dungeon flamed with light;
My chains fell off, my heart was free,
I rose, went forth, and followed Thee.
Charles Wesley (1707–88)
The Lord Jesus is eternally divine. He is the Creator God and the source of all true light, life and salvation. May God give you the grace to see and believe it is so. Amen.
References & Further Reading
Calvin, John, Commentary on the Gospel According to John, vol. xvii (Baker Books).
Carson, D. A., The Gospel According to John (IVP).
Carter, Tom (ed.), 2200 Quotations from the Writings of Charles H. Spurgeon (Baker Books).
Edwards, Jonathan, ‘A Divine and Supernatural Light’, in The Works of Jonathan Edwards, vol. 2 (Banner of Truth).
Evans, Eifion, The Life and Work of William Williams, Pantycelyn (Bryntirion Press).
Hendriksen, William, New Testament Commentary: The Gospel of John (Banner of Truth).
Lloyd-Jones, M. D., Born of God: Sermons from John Chapter 1 (Banner of Truth).
Macleod, Donald, A Faith to Live By: Understanding Christian Doctrine (Christian Focus). See chapters 3, 4, and 10 in particular.
Matthew Henry, Commentary: Matthew to John, vol. 5 (Hendrickson).
Milne, Bruce, The Message of John: Here is your King! (IVP).
Morgan, Derec Llwyd, The Great Awakening in Wales (Epworth Press), translated from the Welsh by Dyfnallt Morgan.
Ryle, J. C., Expository Thoughts on John, vol. 1 (Banner of Truth).